The division was activated July 15, 1943, at Camp Carson, Colorado. The artillery components were made up of the mountain
artillery units of the 601st, 602nd, 604th, and 605th FA Bns. and their mules, already stationed at Camp Carson and were later
reorganized as the 607th, 608th, 609th FA Bns. These also cadred some of the 10th Mountain Division artillery at Camp Hale,
Colorado. The historic and legendary 5th and 14th Infantry regiments along with the 66th infantry regiment which now has legends
in its own right made up most of the personnel.
Organized as a light division with 9,000 personnel and 1800 mules--as a
mountain division, transportation was the army mule with 75mm howitzers, schooled in mountain and jungle warfare. No motorized
vehicles. Manuevered against the 89th Division in Hunter-Liggett Military Reservation near Camp Roberts, Californina.
June, 1944, reorganized as a mechanized triangular infantry division with 15,700 personnel. Infantry regiments increased from
2,075 to 3,350 and the three artillery battalions swapped their 75mm howitzers for the larger 105mm howitzers and picked up
the 564th FA Bn, which had 155mm guns. This conversion took place in Fort Benning, Georgia.
Deactivated March 11, 1946,
Camp Kilmer, New Jersey
Entered combat near Luneville, France, sector with Seventh Army. With Rhine River crossing, joined Third
Army for crossing Germany and Austria.
Bitche, France, breaching Maginot and Siegfried Lines
Lingenfield, Frankfurt, Coburg, Bayreuth, Amberg,
Austria: Reid, Lambach, Wels, Steyr
Main, Naab, Rhine, Danube, Regen, Isar, Inn, Enns
Concentration Camps Liberated
Straubing, Gunskirchen and more than 80 smaller camps in Austria
Penetrated farther east than any other U.S. combat unit
Accepted the surrender
of the German Army Group South on May 7, 1945, one day prior to V.E. Day
Total rout of the German Sixth SS division Nord
Yoyo, 71st Div
608th FA Bn (pack)
Proud member of the Mountain Artillery
U.S. Army, Retired